网站公告列表

  没有公告

加入收藏
设为首页
联系站长
您现在的位置: 健萍简介 >> 英语天地 >> 正文
  语法填空解题技巧与练习         ★★★ 【字体:
语法填空解题技巧与练习
作者:...    文章来源:...    点击数:14033    更新时间:2009-02-05    

语法填空解题技巧与练习

语法填空的考查范围:

1 语境(上下文);

2 语法:

动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式)、名词、代词、冠词、介词、固定搭配、情态动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级最高级及构词法、倒装等。

语法填空的能力要求:

1.阅读/理解语篇的能力

2.分析句子结构的能力

3.熟练运用语法的能力

4.单词拼写能力

 

一、动词(谓语/非谓语)  

给出动词的原形,根据句子结构的需要给出其适当的形式。填动词形式,首先抓住主谓结构,确定主句,剩下的部分,如有连词,则是句子,仍然有主谓结构,否则就用非谓语;是谓语就思考时态,语态,主谓一致,是非谓语就看主动被动,有否先后关系。

  1. Ms Chen              (teach) me English since Junior 1, and to show my appreciation I decided to get her a present. (广州一模)
  2. I was certain she would like it because I                   (tell) by my classmates that she loved hot food. (广州一模)
  3. The exam, which was originally to be held in our classroom,__________                 (change) to the library at the last minute. .(广州二模)         
  4. I had to leave work to take him to the hospital because he __________ (break) his finger. (深二模)
  5. The child, Nicole Hobson,         (take) by her mother to Children's Memorial Hospital about 11 p.m., Wednesday to check …(汕头二模)
  6. A transit spokesman said the driver should          (make) radio call to the control center for help. (汕头二模)
  7. An official from the Ministry of Education said that China follows an educational policy that         (encourage) students to study abroad. (茂名二模)
  8. One of them was a visitor, saying he wouldnt have been there if he ______ (watch)the weather forecast the day before. (梅州二模)

9.  We must also consider the reaction of the person        (receive) the gift. (广州一模)

10 With the problem        (solve), I felt proud of my achievement. .(广州二模)

11 I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left_________                        (complete) the rest. .(广州二模)

12. There,     (place) neatly beside the empty dish ,were two nickels and five penniesher tip! (深一模)

13.         ( compare) with the previous year, the number of students who went abroad for study was increased by 15 ,000, or a rise of 13%. (茂名二模)

14. Storms swept along New Mexico's border with Texas on Friday, ______(destroy) homes and other buildings and injuring(梅州二模)

15We must practise speaking and      (write) the language whenever we can.

16but it is not enough only     (memorize) rules from a grammar book. (佛山一模)

17. The television viewer makes no choice and no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything ______ (present) to him without any effort on his part. (东莞一模)

Keys: 1. has taught / has been teaching /had taught /had been teaching  2. was told/ had been told  3. was changed  4. had broken   5. was being taken    6. have made 

   7. encourages  8. had watched   9. receiving  10. solved     11. to complete

   12. placed 13. compared  14. destroying   15. writing  16. to writing  17. presented

二、代词 

挖掉代词,句子的结构受到破坏,句子间出现不连贯。

1. I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help relax                . (广州二模)

2. The little boy pulled       right hand out of the pocket and studied a number of coins in it. (深一模)

3. the driver did           to help and even stopped once to pick up more passengers.(汕头二模)

4If you give your children that they can never do anything quite right, then they will regard       as unfit or unable persons. (深圳罗湖)

5. Some 134,000 Chinese students went to study abroad, and 120,000 of          were self-funded students,…(茂名二模)

6Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear     spoken.(佛山一模)

Keys: 1. myself 2. his 3. nothing 4. themselves 5. them  6. it

三、定语从句的引导词.

必须根据定语从句的信息和先行词进行推断,从而补出引导词,这本身就是考查逻辑思维能力。

1.The exam,     was originally to be held in our classroom, was changed to the library at the last minute.(广州二模)

2 Then I went to the department store              I worked part-time and bought  her an expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. (广州一模)

3. It was a poem about me, ______ included the time …(深二模)

4. At the same time, there had been a growing number of overseas students         _______came back to China after study. (茂名二模)

5. More and more Chinese students go abroad for study,        is supported by the Chinese government. (茂名二模)

Keys: 1. which 2. where 3. which 4. who 5. which

四、连词(从属连词/并列连词)

  A) 引导各种从句的连词叫从属连词。如名词性从句的引导词what, who, which, when, where, whatever, whoever, whichever, whether;副词从句引导词where, wherever, when, if , how, unless, until

1. Many things must be considered such as               the person is interested in and how old he is. (广州一模)

2.My face turned red on hearing __       my mother said. (惠州一模)

3. she would point out       they had mastered and declared firmly they could learn what they had missed. (深圳罗湖)

4The American Academy of Pediatrics (儿科) says        children really need for health development is more good, old-fashioned playtime.(四校联考)

5. I almost started to yell his name _____ I suddenly remembered he was in bed asleep. (深二模)

6.       children believe they can succeed, they will never become totally independent.

7. Statistics show that           China carried out the opening - up policy, a total of one million students have gone abroad for study. (茂名二模)

8     we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. (佛山一模)

9. Some people, however, maintain that this is precisely _________ the danger lies.

Keys: 1. what 2. what 3. what 4. what 5. when 6. Unless 7. since 8. If 9. where

  B) 并列句的各种关联词叫并列连词。如and, but, or, though, although, so 挖掉关联词,要想补上连词,思路必须与作者思路相吻合。

1.… I had no idea how to do it. I tried to stay positive and persevered        I finally found the solution. (广州二模)

2.… I asked my classmates about her interest                I made my final decision. (广州一模)

3.Tom, an 8yearold boy, entered a hotel coffee shop       sat at a table.(深一模)

4. It is difficult for parents of nearly every family to teach their children to be responsible for housework,      with one of the following suggestions, you really can get your children to help at home. (深圳罗湖)

Keys: 1. until 2. and 3. and 4. but

五、挖掉表示起承转合的副词或副词性短语

此功能于关联词相似。只是这种副词(短语)在用法上更加灵活多变。典型的有though, however, also, therefore, still, besides, in addition, instead, or ,otherwisefirst, second, then, finally, in a word等等。

1This,               , didnt bother me because maths had always been my strongest subject.   (广州二模)

2. Dont always scold and give lots of praise       . (深圳罗湖)

Keys: 1. however 2. instead

六、特殊句型(或固定短语)

考查对固定结构(短语)的熟悉掌握程度。属于字词层面考查语法。

 1.It was not long       the waitress came back and then she began to wipe down the table.

2.            was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldnt eat MSG! (广州一模)

3. So careless was I _______ I had forgotten all about that. (深二模)

4."as a matter of _   , you have done well and made great achievement(惠州一模)

5When Carettson, 29, a passenger, was trying to bring     Nicole's life…(汕头二模)

6. The child was stricken about a mile away          the hospital. (汕头二模)

Keys: 1. before 2. It  3. that 4. fact 5. back 6. from

七、冠词

1.… But my mood quickly changed when I saw_____ first question. (广州二模)

2 Then I went to the department store and bought her             expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. .(广州一模)

  3. Tom,     8yearold boy, entered a hotel coffee shop. (深一模)

4He talked about how I wrestled with him in the evenings and _____ good many other things. (深二模)

5. I told the bus driver that my baby had just had heart operation and that she was having        ____ heart failure. (汕头二模)

6.Television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also _____  comparatively cheap one.(东莞一模)

Keys: 1. the  2. an  3. an  4. a  5. a  6. a

八、词形变化或者词性变化

给出单词的原形,通过句子分析,缺少什么成分,再用正确的单词形式补充完整。这属于比较基础的单词拼写方面的能力要求。

1 Mr Chen has taught me English since Junior 1, and to show my                         (appreciate) I decided to get her a present.  (广州一模)

2.         (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes to complete the rest.  (广州二模)

  3. Some people were now waiting for her service and the waitress grew a bit

         (patience). (深一模)

4. Thirty-five cents, she said         (rude). (深一模)

5. I dont know if he placed the poem next to the failing grade to ______ (soft) the blow, but it work. (深二模)

6. I must know how to care for others and try not to      (understand) them. (惠州一模)

7. you have done well and made great achievement in the _    (entertain) field. (惠一模)

8. These people have made great      (contribute) to China with their work.(茂名二模)

9. to check her               (recent) inserted (插入) pacemaker. (汕头二模)

10The tornadoes damaged several______(new) built buildings,(梅州二模)

11Numerous studies have shown that free play is very            (benefit). It can help children become creative(四校联考)

12 they can see plays, films, operas, and shows of every kind, not to mention the latest _______  (excite) football match. (东莞一模)

Keys: 1. appreciation 2. Fortunately 3. impatient 4. rudely 5. soften 6. misunderstand

     7. entertainment 8. contributions 9. recently 10. newly 11.beneficial 12.exciting

九、介词或数词

 1.I was always told that the three Ps,,were a sure path_______                      success. (广州二模)

2"Don't be always particular _       your present work and income. (惠州一模)

3. It began to make sense to me that I could include praise along ______ constructive criticism. (深二模)

4. He showed the public a limited edition four-wheel drive car, which is especially made    _______his personal taste. (梅州一模)

5. Five were in critical condition______ head trauma(外伤, 损伤), said Liz Crouch, the center's chief operating officer. (梅州二模)

6There is no easy way to success        language learning.

7. It was his ______ (nine ) year of school. (深二模)

Keys: 1. to 2. about 3. with 4. to 5. with 6. in 7. ninth

十、形容词/副词

 1. One of the    (bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher, Ms Chen. (广州一模)

 2. I put the paper aside and turned to the _____ one, at the top of which…(深二模)

3. Many other actors are __     __ (badly)off than me at present,(惠州一模)

4. In 2006, over 40,000 overseas students came back, with 33,000 of them being self-fund students, 20%        than the year before. (茂名二模)

Keys: 1. worst 2. next/other 3. worse 4. more

语法填空专练一

In the small towns of the United States in the     1      (nineteen) century, the general store was      2  everyone bought the things he couldnt make   3    grow at home. What the stores sold     4   (tell) a great deal about   5     life at that time. People bought tools that they needed for farm work; salt, sugar and    6  foods that the farm didnt produce; articles of clothing that they couldnt make    7    ; shirts for the men; or clothes for the children. Life was simple then. One feels that people were   8     (thank) for what they had and that they looked  9   with courage to whatever the future brought. It would be interesting to know how they would feel about the life today. Would it seem to them that life is too complex? Would they enjoy   10    (live) a life as we do now?

语法填空专练二

Do you feel   1    difficult to be happy all the time? Now Ill give you some tips  2     how to make yourself happy. One way is being    3    (self) because unselfishness is the key factor   4      (require) if you want to get along well with others. By   5      (say) being unselfish we mean we   6    not want everything our own way or demand the best share of everything. Another way is to look for good points in

     7   people. Youll find most people pleasant to go with and it will surely make you happy. Third, you can not expect to be too perfect,     8   dont be too unhappy when you make a mistake. Everything will be OK if you try to make things right. Finally, it is important to remember that while you are not    9   (bad) that others, chances you have may not be much better. In this case,   10     surest way to be happy is to think yourself above other people.

语法填空专练三

We may be very    1   (please) with the rapid progress we have made in every field of study, but we have almost done nothing to improve our present    2   (exam) systems which focus   3    testing the students memory instead of their     4     (able). As soon as a child begins schoo, he enters a world of examination     5   will decide his future of job. In fact a good examination stystem should encourage students to think for themselves. But the examination now does anything but that. It forces the students to remember    6       is taught to get high marks. Thus the students who come out first in the examination often many be the   7     (good) in their studies. In addition, such    8   examination system often drives teachers to cram all the time and forces them to train students what to do with the    9    (come) examination.

  There must be a better way to test a students true ability as   10     as their knowledge.

                                语法填空专练四

     More American people take their troubles with them on holiday, according    1    a new survey. Although 40 percent said that the main reason for going away is to escape    2     (press) from work, almost all said they worry more  3    they do at home. Only fore in every one hundred said that they are happy and free of care.

The most common worry is burglary(入室盗窃), with four out of ten worrying about their homes   4     (break) into while they are abroad. More than a quarter feel they will feel crazy   5   some other noisy and rough holiday-makers and twenty-two percent worry they may be attacked    6    their possessions will be  7    (miss).

 The survey also showed    8    the stay-at home Americans are no more. Three out of every five want to have a holiday abroad, which was     9    increase from the figures only three years ago. The hotel holiday is still a winner, with about one third of all Americans    10    (prefer) to go on a self-catering(自助) holiday.

语法填空专练五

Many Chinese believe   1     (eat) pig brains will increase their intelligence and some Americans regularly eat    2    (cook) eggs to keep their minds sharp.     3    , doctor dont recommend to eat 4      raw eggs or animal brains. Then, what food is good for your brain? Scientists have found  5      relationship  6  diet and a healthy brain. Generally speaking, fish is a brain food. Besides fish, you should introduce lots of dark green leafy vegetables and colorful fruits into your diet  7      most people lack the special vitamins   8    these brain food provide. If you eat brain foods     9     (regular), they can increase brain power ---help you pay attention, keep you motivated, improve your memory and   10     ( less) stress from studies. Then you can do much better in your test.

                                 语法填空专练六

Millions   1   words have been said about young people in the United States. There are reasons for this great interest in their ideas,    2    (feel) and actions. Today there are about eight million Americans in the colleges and universities. The young under twenty-five make    3   nearly half of the American population, many of   4   will be in power in the U.S..    5   (nature), their ideas are important to everyone in the country, and     6   is necessary for the older people to understand   7     they think and feel. College students today have strong opinions about right and   8      . They are deeply interested in making a   9    (good) life for all the people, especially for those who have never   10   (give) a fair chance before.

                                  语法填空专练七

Liu Xiang was the first Asian ______1_____ (win) the mens 110m hurdles at the Olympics in Athens. ______2____ that he became an idol(偶像) to the young people.

   I never thought I would run under 13 seconds and break the Olympic ____3____.said Liu Xiang in tears, I am very very excited. Im proud not just for myself and for Chinese ____4____ for Asia. My race went ______5_____ (wonderful) from start to finish. Liu added. It is _____6_____ amazing experience being the Olympic champion. I want to thank my coach and my friends for _____7____their help. I think today we Chinese have showed the world we ____8_____ run as fast as anybody else.

  Since his return from Athens, Liu Xiang has been at the center of a media circus and he has been to many press appearances and meetings. ____9____ Liu thinks 2004 is just the beginning, and he expects to be at his peak in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Liu said, For some players, its just a job. For me, its ____10____ I love.

语法填空专练八

Life is difficult.

   But life is no longer difficult once we truly understand and accept it.

   Most do not fully see this truth. ___1___ they complain about their problems and difficulties as if life should be easy. It seems to them that difficulties represent ___2___special kind of suffering especially forced upon them or else upon their families, their class, or even their nation.

___3___ makes life difficult is that the process of facing and solving problems ___4___ painful. Problems, ___5___ (depend) on their nature, cause us sadness or loneliness or regret or anger or fear. These are ___6___ (comfort) feelings, often as any kind of physical pain. And since life causes an endless series of problems, life is always difficult and is full of pain as well as joy.

Yet it is in this whole process of solving problems that life has its meaning.

Problems are the serious test that tells success from___7___ (fail). When we desire to encourage the growth of the human spirit, we encourage the human ability to solve problems just as in school we set problems for our children __8___(solve). It is through the pain of meeting and working out problems ___9___we learn. As Benjamin Franklin said, Those things that hurt , instruct. It is ___10___this reason that wise people learn not to fear but to welcome the pain of problems.

 

Keys:

1. nineteenth     2. where         3. or          4. tells             5. the

   6. other          7. themselves    8. thankful     9. forward         10. living

1. it              2. on           3. unselfish       4. required       5. saying

6. should         7. other         8. so            9. worse         10. the

1. pleased        2. examination   3. on          4. ability           5. which/ that    6. what       7. best          8. an          9. coming         10. well

1. to             2. pressure       3. than        4. being broken    5. with 

6. or            7. missing        8. that        9. an             10. preferring     

1. eating          2. uncooked      3. However      4. either        5. a

6. between        7. because       8. that           9. regularly    10. lessen

1. of             2. feelings         3. up          4. whom         5. Naturally  

6. it           7. what           8. wrong       9. better         10. been given

1. to win       2. after          3.record        4. but (also)      5. wonderfully

6.an              7. all            8.can          9. But           10.what

1. Instead        2.a             3. What         4.is             5.depending  

6. uncomfortable   7.failure         8. to solve      9. that           10. for

文章录入:admin    责任编辑:admin 
  • 上一篇文章:

  • 下一篇文章:
  • 发表评论】【加入收藏】【告诉好友】【打印此文】【关闭窗口
    最新热点 最新推荐 相关文章
    高中英语作文中的高分句型
    高考英语作文可引用高频36句
    高考英语写作提高关键
    省略句高考考点及训练
    英语读后感
    状语从句常见考点透析与解读
    重点突破定语从句解题必过六…
    最新高考复习英语疑难解析
    第44任美国总统奥巴马就职演…
    英文名篇--《青春》
      网友评论:(只显示最新10条。评论内容只代表网友观点,与本站立场无关!)
    香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录 香港最快记录

    蜀ICP证08105983

    Copyright © 2005-2008 JP212 Corporation, All Rights Reserved 0830-2871210