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|作者：未知 文章来源：未知 点击数：2538 更新时间：2008-10-22|
I like table tennis. (作主语)
Do you know him (作宾语)
---Whos is knocking at the door
He is older than me.
He is older than I am.
Our teacher is coming to see us.
This is her pencil-box.
Our school is here, and theirs is there.(作主语)
--- Is this English-book yours (作表语)
--- No. Mine is in my bag.
I've already finished my homework. Have you finished yours (作宾语)
This is a pen and that is a pencil.
We are busy these days.
In those days the workers had a hard time.
I had a cold. That's why I didn't come.
What I want to say is this ; pronunciation is very important in learning English.
Television sets made in Beijing are just as good as those made in Shanghai.
4)this 在电话用语中代表自己,that 则代表对方.例如:
Hello! This is Mary. Is that Jack speaking
He called himself a writer.
Would you please express yourself in English
It doesn't matter.I'll be myself soon.
The girl in the news is myself.
I myself washed the clothes.(=I washed the clothes myself.)(作主语同位语)
You should ask the teacher himself.(作宾语同位语)
Look! Some of the students are cleaning the library.
. Some rice in the bag has been sold out.
If you have any questions, please ask me.
There isn't any orange in the bottle.
Have you got any tea
How many people can you see in the picture
I can't see any.
If you have no money, I'll lend you some.
注意:与some, any结合的词如something, somebody, someone, anything, anyone, anybody在肯定句,否定句,疑问句,条件句中的用法,大致和some, any的用法相同.
2) few, a few, little, a little在用法上的区别
I'm going to buy a few apples.
He can speak only a little Chinese.
There is only a little milk in the glass.
He has few friends.
They had little money with them.
②a little和little也可以用作副词,a little表示"有点,稍微",little表示"很少".
I'm a little hungry. (修饰形容词hungry)
Let him sleep a little. (修饰动词sleep)
Mary, go a little faster, please. (修饰副词比较级)
She slept very little last night.
3)other, the other, another, others, the others的区别.
the other (boy)
the other (boys)
Where are his other books
I haven't any other books except this one.
②other也可以用作代词,与冠词the连用构成"the other",表示两个人或物中的"另一个".常与one搭配构成"one ..., the other ..."句型.
He has two brothers. One is 10 years old , the other is 5 years old.
She held a ruler in one hand and an exercise-book in the other.
③other作代词用时,可以有复数"others",泛指"另外的人或物".常与some搭配构成"some ...., others ..."句型.
Some went to the cinema, others went swimming.
This coat is too large. Show me some others, please.
We got home by 4 o'clock, but the others didn't get back until 8 o'clock.
In our class only Tom is English, the others are Chinese.
You can see another ship in the sea, can't you
Mary doesn't want to buy this skirt. Would you please show her another one
I'm still hungry after I've had this cake. Please give me another.
The teacher gave a toy to each child.
Each ball has a different colour.
当我们说each child, each student或each teacher时,我们想到的是一个人的情况.而当我们说every child和every student时,我们想到的是全体的情况,every的意思与all接近,表示他们都如此.
Every student loves the English teacher. = All students love the English teacher.
Every child likes playing. = All children like playing.
All of us like Mr Pope. 我们都喜欢Pope先生.(作主语)
= We all like Mr Pope. (作同位语)
All the water has been used up. (作主语)
That's all for today. (作表语)
Why not eat all (of) the fish (作宾语)
All the leaders are here. (作定语)
Lucy and Lily both agree with us.
They both passed on their sticks at the same time.
How are your parents They're both fine.
Both of them came to see Mary.
Both of the books are very interesting.
Michael has two sons. Both are clever.
I don't know which book is the better, I shall read both.
Both his younger sisters are our classmates.
. There are tall trees on both sides of the street.
表示相互关系的代词叫做相互代词.相互代词有each other 和one another两种形 式.在当代英语中,each other和one another没有什么区别.相互代词可在句中作宾语,定语.作定语用时,相互代词用所有格形式.
We should learn from each other / one another. (作宾语)
Do you often write to each other / one another (作宾语)
We often borrow each other's / one another's books. (作定语)
The students corrected each other's / one another's mistakes in their homework.
Who is going to come here tomorrow (作主语)
What is that (作表语)
Whose umbrella is this (作定语)
Whom are you waiting for (作宾语)
关系代词是一种引导从句并起连接主句和从句作用的代词.关系代词有 who, whose, whom, that, which. 它们在句中可用作主语,表语,宾语,定语. 在主句中,它们还代表着从句所修饰的那个名词或代词.例如:
I hate people who talk much but do little.
I'm looking at the photograph which you sent me with your letter.
With the money that he had saved, he went on with his studies.
Do you know the lady who is interviewing our headmaster
1. Tom, Please pass ________ the glasses. I want to read the newspapers.
A. you B. me C. him D. her
2. The English novel is quite easy for you. There are ______ new words in it.
A. a little B. little C. a few D. few
3. ---You want ________ sandwich
---Yes, I usually eat a lot when I'm hungry.
A. other B. another C. others D. the other
4. The doctors and nurses are doing their best to fight SARS. They think more of others than _______.
A. they B. them C. themselves D. theirs
5. ---Which do you prefer, a bottle of orange or a bottle of milk
---______________, thanks. I'd like a cup of tea.
A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None
6. ---Oh! I came in a hurry and forgot to bring food.
---Never mind. You can have ________.
A. us B. ours C. you D. yours
7. ---Can I come this evening or tomorrow morning
---_______ is OK. I'm free today and tomorrow.
A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None
8. ---How are you going to improve _______ this term
---Work harder than last term.
A. ourselves B. myself C. himself D. yourself
9. ---Could you tell me _______ she is looking for
---Her cousin, Susan.
A. that B. whose C. who D. which
10. ---Is _______ here
---No. Li Lei and Han Mei have asked for leave.
A. everybody B. somebody C. anybody D. nobody
11. Paul has _______ friends except me, and sometimes he feels lonely.
A. many B. some C. few D. more
12. If you want to book a round-trip ticket, you'll have to pay ______ $ 30.
A. more B. other C. the other D. another
13. ---Do you live by yourself, Mr Wang
---Yes. I have two sons. But ______ of them lives with me. They are now studying in America
A. neither B. both C. none D. either
14. ---Have you sent your parents an E-mail telling them you arrived safe
---No. _______ of them can use a computer.
A. None B. Both C. Neither D. All
15. Who taught _______ English last term Was _____ Mr. Smith
A. you; it B. you; he C. your; it D. your; that
16. ---That woman has a bag in her right hand. What's in her _____ hand
A. another B. other C. one D. the other
17. We decided to go for a field trip with some friends of _______.
A. us B. our C. ours D. ourselves
18. ---Is there a bus to the zoo
---I'm afraid there's _______ bus to the zoo.
A. no B. any C. some D. none
19. You forgot your dictionary You may have _______.
A. me B. my C. mine D. myself
20. This is ______ classroom. Where is _______
our; them B. us; they C. our; theirs D. ours; theirs
1.B 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.B 6.B 7.A 8.D 9.C 10.A 11.C 12.D 13.A 14.C 15.A 16.B 17.C 18.A 19.C 20.C
以s, sh, ch, x等结尾
以ce, se, ze,等结尾
1) 以y结尾的专有名词,或元音字母+y 结尾的名词变复数时,直接加s变复数.例如:
two Marys the Henrys
2) 以o 结尾的名词,变复数时:
a. 加s,如: photo---photos piano---pianos
b. 加es,如:potato--potatoes tomato--tomatoes
c. 上述a和b两种方法均可,如zero---zeros / zeroes.
3) 以f或fe 结尾的名词变复数时:
a. 加s,如: belief---beliefs roof---roofs
b. 去f,fe 加ves,如:half---halves
knife---knives leaf---leaves wolf---wolves
wife---wives life---lives thief---thieves;
c. 上述a和b两种方法均可,如handkerchief: handkerchiefs / handkerchieves.
1) child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth
mouse---mice man---men woman---women
注意:由一个词加 man 或 woman构成的合成词,其复数形式也是 -men 和-women,如an Englishman,two Englishmen.但German不是合成词,故复数形式为Germans;Bowman是姓,其复数是the Bowmans.
2) 单复同形,如deer,sheep,fish,Chinese,Japanese ,li,jin,yuan,two li,three mu,four jin等.但除人民币的元,角,分外,美元,英镑,法郎等都有复数形式.如:a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters.
people police cattle 等本身就是复数,不能说 a people,a police,a cattle,但可以说a person,a policeman,a head of cattle, the English,the British,the French,the Chinese,the Japanese,the Swiss 等名词,表示国民总称时,作复数用,如The Chinese are industries and brave. 中国人民是勤劳勇敢的.
b. news 为不可数名词.
c. the United States,the United Nations 应视为单数.
The United Nations was organized in 1945. 联合国是1945年组建起来的.
"The Arabian Nights" is a very interesting story-book. 《一千零一夜》是一本非常有趣的故事书.
5) 表示由两部分构成的东西,如:glasses (眼镜) trousers, clothes等,若表达具体数目,要借助数量词 pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers等.
比较:Cake is a kind of food. 蛋糕是一种食物. (不可数)
These cakes are sweet. 这些蛋糕很好吃. (可数)
This factory produces steel. (不可数)
We need various steels. (可数)
Our country is famous for tea. 我国因茶叶而闻名.
Two teas, please. 请来两杯茶.
four freedoms 四大自由 the four modernizations四个现代化
物质名词和抽象名词可以借助单位词表一定的数量,如a glass of water 一杯水/ a piece of advice 一则建议.
sports meeting 运动会 students reading-room 学生阅览室
talks table 谈判桌 the foreign languages department 外语系
2) man, woman, gentleman等作定语时,其单复数以所修饰的名词的单复数而定.例如:
men workers women teachers gentlemen officials
goods train (货车) arms produce 武器生产
customs papers 海关文件 clothes brush 衣刷
two-dozen eggs 两打鸡蛋 a ten-mile walk 十英里路
two-hundred trees 两百棵树 a five-year plan. 一个五年计划
英语中有些名词可以加"'s"来表示所有关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该名词的所有格,如:a teacher's book.名词所有格的规则如下:
1) 单数名词词尾加"'s",复数名词词尾没有s,也要加"'s",如the boy's bag 男孩的书包,men's room 男厕所.
2) 若名词已有复数词尾-s ,只加" ' ",如:the workers' struggle 工人的斗争.
3) 凡不能加"'s"的名词,都可以用"名词+of +名词"的结构来表示所有关系,如:the title of the song 歌的名字.
4) 在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名词所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词,如:the barber's 理发店.
John's and Mary's rooms(两间) John and Mary's room(一间)
6) 复合名词或短语,'s 加在最后一个词的词尾.例如:a month or two's absence
1.He was eager to make some extra money, since during these years he could hardly live on his_______.
a. little wage b. few wage c. wage d. wages
2.Most of the houses in the village were burnt to ______ during the war.
a. an ash b. the ash c. ash d. ashes
3.The students at colleges or universities are making ______ for the coming New Year.
a. many preparations b. much preparation c. preparations d. preparation
4.Paiting in _____ is one of their spare-time activities.
a. oil b. an oil c. oils d. the oil
5.In the view of the foreign experts, there wasn't ____ oil here.
a. much b. lots of c. a great deal of d. many
6.The large houses are being painted, but ______.
a. of great expense b. at a great expense c. in a lot of expenses d. by high expense
7.The room was small and contained far too ______.
a.much new furniture c. much new furnitures
b.many new furniture d. many new furnitures
8.Jim was late for two classes this morning. He said that he forgot both of the ______.
a. rooms number b. room number c. room's numbers d. room numbers
9.Computers can do ______ work in a short time, but a man can not do ______ by himself.
a great many…many c. much…a great deal
b.great deal of…much d. many…a great many
10.She didn't know _____ he had been given.
a. how many information c. how many informations
b. the number of information d. how much information
11.He invited all of his ______ to join his wedding party.
a. comrade-in-arms c. comrades-in-arm
b. comrades-in-arms d. comrade-in-arm
12.All the ______ in the hospital got a rise last month.
a. women doctors c. woman doctors
b. women doctor d. woman doctor
13.After ten years, all these youngsters became_____.
a. growns-ups c. growns-up
b. grown-up d. grown-ups
14.The police investigated those _____ about the accident.
a. stander-by c. standers-by
b. stander-bys d. standers-bys
15.The Nazi kept those ______ in their concentration camp.
a.prisoner-of-wars c. prisoners-of-war
b.prisoners-of-wars d. prisoner-of-war
16.The manager was greatly appreciate that _____ made by Linda lately.
a. new reel b. news reel c. new-reels d. news reels
17.Mary's dress is similar in appearance to her ______.
a. elder sister b. elder sister's c. elder sisters d. elder sisters dress
18.All the people at the conference are ______.
a. mathematic teachers c. mathematics teacher
b.mathematics teachers d. mathematic's teachers
19.Professor Mackay told us that ______ of lead are its softness and its resistance.
a. some property c. properties
b. some properties d. property
20.Physics _____ with matter and motion.
a. deal b. deals c. dealing d. are
1)基数词一般可写成如345或three hundred and forty-five.
a. 与of 短语连用,表示概数,不能与具体数目连用,如scores of people 指许多人;
They arrived in twos and threes. 他们三三两两的到了.
d. 表示"年代",用 in +the +数词复数.
e. 在乘法运算的一种表示法里,如Three fives is(are)fifteen.
序数词的缩写形式如first---1st second---2nd thirty-first---31st等.
a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as.例如
I have three times as many as you. 我有你三倍那么多.
b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of….例如:
The earth is 49 times the size of the moon. 地球是月球的49倍.
c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than….例如:
The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year. 今年比去年粮食产量增加8%.
The production of grain has been increased by four times this year. 今年粮食产量增加了4倍.
1/3 one-third; 3/37 three and three-sevenths.
1.______ martyrs have heroically laid down their lives for the people.
a. Thousand upon thousand of b. Thousand and thousands of
c. Thousands upon thousands of d. Thousand and thousand of
2.They received ______ of letters about their TV programs.
a. dozen b. dozen and dozen c score d. dozens
3.Who is that man,______ in the front row
a. one b. the one c. first d. the first
4.We have produced ______ this year as we did in 1993.
a. as much cotton twice b. as twice much cotton
c. much as twice cotton d. twice as much cotton
5.The earth is about ______ as the moon.
a. as fifty time big b. fifty times as big c. as big fifty time d. fifty as times big
6.The population of many Alaskan cities has ______ in the past three years.
a. more than doubled b. more doubled than c. much than doubled d. much doubled than
7.The moon is about _____ in diameter as diameter as the earth.
a. one-three as large b. one three as large c. one-third as large d. one third as large
8.Five hundred yuan a month _____ enough to live on.
a. is b. are c. is being d. has been
9.______ of the buildings were ruined.
a. Three fourth b. Three four c. Three-fourths d. Three-four
10.Consult _____ for questions about earthquakes.
a. the six index b. index six c. sixth index d. index numbering six
1. a用于辅音发音开头的词前, 如:a book; an用于元音发音开头的词前,如:an apple, an hour. 请区别:a useful machine, an umbrella, a "u", an "h".
3.在世界上独一无二的事物前用定冠词the. 如:the sun, the moon, the earth.
4.the用于序数词,表方位的名词和形容词最高级前.the first, the best , in the south.
6.在介词短语中常用定冠词the,如:in the box ,behind the chair.
7.不能用定冠词the的几个方面: (1)在节日,星期,月份,季节,年等词前不用冠词.如:in summer, in August 请区别:in the spring of 1945. (这里表示特指,故加the)(2)一日三餐和球类运动名不用冠词.如:have breakfast ,play football
(3)一些固定词组中,如:go to bed ,go to school, by bus ,at night.
in front of 在…前面, in the front of 在…范围内的前部
in hospital (生病)住院, in the hospital 在医院里.
1.When Linda was a child, her mother always let her have ______ bed.
a. the breakfast in b. the breakfast in the c. breakfast in d. breakfast in the
2.He has promised to give up ______ hundreds of times.
a. tobacco b. tobacco c. the tobacco d. tobaccos
3.______ usually go to church every Sunday.
a. The Brown b. A Brown c. Browns d. The Browns
4.The train is running fifty miles ______.
a. an hour b. one hour c. the hour d. a hour
5.He can play almost every kind of music instrument but he is good ______.
a.at the flute b. at flute c. at a flute d. at that flute
6.The investigators found that more should be done for ______ in India.
a.those poor b. a poor c. poor d. the poor
7.You look in high spirit. You must have ______ during your holiday.
a. wonderful time b. a wonderful time c. the wonderful time d. some wonderful time
8.The city assigned a policeman to the school crossing because ______ traffic there was so heavy.
a .a b. an c. the d. one
9.A new teacher was sent to the village in place of ______ one who had retired.
a. a b. the c. an d. its
10.Virtue and vice are before you;______ leads you to happiness,______ to misery.
a. the former…latter b. a former…a latter
c. the former…the latter d. former…latter
1)at ,in, on, to
at (1)表示在小地方; (2)表示"在……附近,旁边"
in (1)表示 在大地方; (2)表示"在…范围之内".
He arrived at the station at ten.
He is sitting at the desk.
He arrived in Shanghai yesterday.
Jiangsu lies in the east of China.
Russia lies on the north of China.
Fujian is to the south of Jiangsu Province.
2)above, over, on 在……上
above 指在……上方,不强调是否垂直,与 below相对;
The bird is flying above my head.
There is a bridge over the river.
He put his watch on the desk.
3)below, under 在……下面
There is a cat under the table.
Please write your name below the line.
1)in , on,at 在……时
如 in the 20th century, in the 1950s, in 1989, in summer, in January, in the morning, in the night, in one's life , in one's thirties等.
如on May 1st, on Monday, on New Year's Day, on a cold night in January, on a fine morning, on Sunday afternoon等.
如at 3:20, at this time of year, at the beginning of, at the end of …, at the age of …, at Christmas, at night, at noon, at this moment等.
注意:在last, next, this, that, some, every 等词之前一律不用介词.如:We meet every day.
2)in, after 在……之后
My mother will come back in three or four days.
He arrived after five months.
She will appear after five o'clock this afternoon.
3)from, since 自从……
He studied the piano from the age of three.
They have lived here since 1978.
4)after, behind 在……之后
We shall leave after lunch.
Lucy is hiding behind an old house.
3.表运动方向的介词:across, through 通过,穿过
She swam across the river.
He walked through the forest.
There is a football match between Class One and Class Two on the playground.
The teacher is standing among the students.
1)on ,about 关于
There will be a lecture on economics this afternoon.
He is writing a book on cooking.
He told me a lot about his life in the summer vocation.
2)by, with, in 表示方法,手段,工具
with 表示用 …工具,手段,一般接具体的工具和手段;
He makes a living by selling newspapers.
He broke the window with a stone.
The foreigner spoke to us in English.
3)except, besides 除了
Except Mr. Wang, we went to see the film.(王先生没去)
Besides Mr. Wang, we also went to see the film.(王先生也去了)
Taiwan is ________ the southeast of China.(in, on, to)
Go _________ the bridge _________ the river, you'll find the shop.(across, through; over, above)
I go to school __________7:30 every morning.(in, on, at)
He would like to meet her __________8:00 and 9:00 tomorrow morning.(between, among )
The Greens have lived in China ________ three years.(in, for, after)
We go to school every day ________ Saturday and Sunday.(except, besides)
He wrote the letter _________ ink.(by, with ,in)
She returned to her country _________five years.(in, after, for)
There is a big tree _________ our classroom.(after, behind)
I usually go to work _________ bike.(by, on, with)
1.in 2.across, over 3.at, 4.between 5.for 6.except 7.in 8.after 9.behind 10.by
1.表示并列关系的连词有:and, both…and…, not only… but also…和neither…nor…等
I enjoy basketball , football and table tennis.
The weather becomes colder and colder.
Go straight on, and you'll see the library.==If you go straight on, you will see the library.
Both Jim and Kate are from England.
You can't speak both German and English.
Both my father and my mother aren't doctors.
neither…nor…连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词靠近哪个主语就与哪个主语保持 "人称"和 "数"的一致,即采取就近原则.
Neither I nor he has seen the play before.
4)not only…but also…:不但…而且…
not only…but also…连接两个主语后的谓语动词也遵循就近原则.
Not only the mother but also the children are ill.
2.表示转折关系的连词有:but, however, yet, still,while等.
Mary was a nice girl, but she had one shortcoming.
Tom got up early, yet he failed to catch the train.
He was very tired, still he kept on walking.
Your composition is fairly good, however, there is still some
room for improvement.
Jane is hard working ,while her sister is quite lazy.
3.表示选择关系的并列连词有:or, either…or…,whether… or…等.
or 表示 "或" 的意思,使用于两者之中选择一个的时候.
----Is your friend English or American ----American.
He doesn't like dumplings or noodles.
祁使句后连接or ,表 "如果…,否则…",有转折的意思,此时 or =if you don't …,you'll …
Hurry up, or you'll be late.=If you don't hurry up, you'll be late.
either…or…连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词靠近哪个主语就与哪个主语保持 "人称"和 "数"的一致,即就近原则.
Either you or I am right.
Does either she or they like English
She isn't either a student or a teacher.
She is always cheerful, whether at home or at school.
He is not at school today, for he has a bad cold.
It was late, so I went home.
5.引导时间状语从句的从属连词有:before, after, when, while, as, till, until, since, as soon as等.
After they had planted their crops, they took a rest.
We have learned six lessons since he began to teach us.
As soon as he gets to Beijing, he'll call me.
1) when, while, as 都表示"当……时",when从句谓语动词既可以是瞬间动词也可以是延续性动词,可用于主从句动作同时发生或从句动作先于主句动作发生.while从句谓语动词只能是延续性动词,侧重主从句动作同时发生.as引导一个持续性动作,多用于主从句动作同时发生,强调"一边……一边".
When I came in, my father was cooking.
I came in when/while my father was cooking.
He sang as he walked.
Mr. Green waited until his children came back.(格林先生一直等到他的孩子们回来)
Mr. Green didn't go to bed until his children came back. (格林先生直到他的孩子们回来才睡觉)
6. 引导条件状语从句的从属连词有:if(如果), unless(除非,如果……不)等.
If you don't go soon, you'll be late.=Unless you go soon, you'll be late.
7.引导原因状语从句的从属连词有 because, as, since等.
He didn't go to school because he was ill.
As it was raining, we went there by bus.
Since everybody is here, let's begin.
It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet.
注意: because与 so不能同时使用.
8.引导让步状语从句的从属连词有:although/though(虽然,尽管), even though/if (即使)
Although/ Though it is a very young country, it is very rich.
Even if/ though you were here yesterday, you couldn't help him.
注意:although/though 引导的从句不能与but连用,但可与yet, still连用.
9.引导目的状语从句的从属连词有so that和in order that(以便,为了)等.
The teacher spoke loudly so that /in order that we could hear him clearly.
It was very cold, so that the water in the bowl froze.
He got there so early that he got a good seat.
It is such a heavy box that nobody can move it.
11.引导比较状语从句的从属连词有: as…as…(与……一样),not as/so… as…(不及,赶不上),和than(比)等.
I know you better than she does.
He works as carefully as she.
I can't run as/so fast as you.
We know that the earth goes around the sun.(宾语从句)
I wonder if he has received my e-mail. (宾语从句)
Whether he'll go there hasn't been decided.(主语从句)
I'll go on with the work when I come back tomorrow.
He won't come unless he is invited.
1,I don't like reading watching TV. What about you "I don't like reading all day, I like watching TV plays."
A.and, but B.and, and C.or, and D.or, but 2,You won't know the value(价值) of the health you lose it.
A.until B.after C.when D.because
3,We bought Granny a present, she didn't like it.
A.but B.and C.or D.so
4,Study hard, you will pass the exam.
A.so B.for C.but D.and
5,Put on more clothes, you'll catch cold.
A.and B.for C.or D.but
6,My shoes are worn out, I need new ones.
A.so B.if C.because D.and
7,He ran fast he won the race.
A.enough …to B.so …that C.too…to D.both…and
8,He is only ten months. He can read write.
A.either…or B.neither…nor C.both…and D.so…that
9,She said she might come Saturday Sunday .
10,If Tom Mike asks for their car, tell him to come tomorrow.
A.or B.and C.with D.but
11,It was already ten o'clock we got to the museum this morning.
A.that B.when C.if D.for
12,It's a long time we met last.
A.so B.after C.since D.before
13,That maths problem is difficult nobody can do it.
C.so…that D.very …but
14,I'll give her the message she comes back.
A.since B.before C.until D.as soon as
15, the teacher came into the classroom, many students were talking to each other.
A.While B.If C.Since D.When
16,People often mistake us for each other we are twins.
A.if B.when C.because D.after
17,Could you tell me in your home town in winter
A.if it often snowed B.whether does it often snow
C.if it often snow D.whether it often snows
18,Are you sure Mr. Li will come to your birthday party
A.if B.that C.for D.when
19, Lily Lucy like singing.
A.Either…or B.Beither…nor …
20,Read the sentences slowly we can understand what you read.
A.so that B.before C.until D.because
1,D 2,A 3,A 4,D 5,C 6,A 7,B 8,B 9,B 10,A 11,B 12,C 13,C 14,D 15,D 16,C 17,D 18,B 19,C 20,A
①Let's go out for a walk.我们到外面去散散步吧.
②He is a man of strong build.他是一个体格健壮的汉子.
③Let's have a swim.咱们游泳吧.
①Did you book a seat on the plane 你订好飞机座位了吗
②Please hand me the book.请把那本书递给我.
③She nursed her husband back to health.她看护丈夫,使他恢复了健康.
④We lunched together.我们在一起吃了午餐.
We will try our best to better our living conditions.我们要尽力改善我们的生活状况.
Murder will out.(谚语)恶事终必将败露.
表示颜色的形容词常可转化为名词(如下①);某些形容词如old, young, poor, rich, wounded, injured等与the连用,表示一类人,作主语时,谓语用复数(如下②).例如:
You should be dressed in black at the funeral.你在葬礼中该穿黑色衣服.
The old in our village are living a happy life.我们村的老年人过着幸福的生活.
(1)表示否定意义的前缀常用的有dis-, il-, im-, in-, ir-, mis-, non-, un-等,在单词的前面加这类前缀常构成与该词意义相反的新词.例如:
(2)表示其他意义的前缀常用的有a-(多构成表语形容词), anti- (反对;抵抗), auto- (自动), co- (共同), en- (使), inter- (互相), re- (再;又), sub- (下面的;次;小), tele- (强调距离)等.例如:
(1)构成名词的后缀常用的有-ence,-(e)r/ -or (从事某事的人),-ese (某地人),-ess (雌性),-ful (一……),-ian (精通……的人),-ist (专业人员),-ment (性质;状态),-ness (性质;状态),-tion(动作;过程)等.例如:
(2)构成动词的后缀常用的有-(e)n (多用于形容词之后),-fy (使……化),-ize (使……成为).例如:
-able (有能力的),-(a)n(某国人的),-en (多用于表示材料的名词后),-ern (方向的),-ese(某国人的),-ful,-(ic)al,-ish,-ive,-less (表示否定),-like (像……的),-ly,-ous,-some,-y (表示天气)等.例如:
(4)构成副词的常用后缀有-ly (主要用于形容词之后表示方式或程度),-ward(s) (主要用于表示方位的词之后表示方向).例如:
(5)构成数词的后缀有-teen (十几),-ty (几十),-th (构成序数词).例如:
smoke and fog→smog烟雾
very important person→VIP (读字母音)要人;大人物
Testing of English as a Foreign Language→TOEFL托福
1.That man was________enough not to tell the manager that he would not do the job.
A.care B.careful C.careless D.carelessness
2.The soldier died for saving the child,so his________ is heavier than Mount Tai.
A.die B.dead C.died D.death
3.The child looked________at his brother who was badly wounded.
A.sadly B.sadness C.sadly D.sad
4.He is an expert at chemistry.We all call him a ________.
5.The three- ________chair isn't suitable for a young child.He may fall off.
A.legging B.legged C.legs D.leged
6.Stephenson became the________railway engineer in the world.
A.lead B.leader C.leading D.leadership
7.When the teacher praised him for working out the maths problem,Jack looked________about at his classmates.
A.proud B.proudly C.pride D.pridely
8.To everyone's ________,the girl finished the job quite well.
9.—What are you doing here
—Oh,my teacher asked me to write a passage about ________in English.
—You can write________passage in English
A.600 words;a 600-words
C.600 words;a 600-word
D.600 words;a 600-words
10.No one should enter the spot without the________of the police.
11.You must come with us to the police ________.Our head is waiting for you.
12.Letting that animal escape was no accident;you did it ________.
13.The shop owner welcomed all the guests with a________smile.
14.The________ordered him to pay a $100 fine.
15.My TV is out of order.Can you tell me what is the________news about Iraq War
16.The Great Wall is more than 6000 li in ________.
17.To my ________,I passed the exam easily.
18.Canada is mainly an________country.
19.How________ he is! He is always acting________.He is really a ________.
20.The necklace that she lost is very expensive.It's of great ________.
21.There were________fish in the river in South America.
A.in danger B.danger
22.The letter "b" in the word "doubt" is________.
23.The child looked at me________.
24.The black people were against slavery and fought for their________bravely.
25.What you said sounded________ but in fact it was untrue.
26.We have to learn________technology from other countries.
27.The children live in a village ________.They come here almost every day.
C.nearly D.near by
28.Mr Black is an ________in the army,not an________in the government.You can not easily find him in his________.
29.You'd better give up smoking if you want to keep ________.
30.________ speaking,I didn't do it on purpose.
A.Honestly B.Honest C.Honesty D.Dishonest
1-5 BDACB 6-10 CBDCB 11-15 ACDCB 16-20 BAAAB
21-25 CBBCA 26-30 DADBA
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