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  省略句高考考点及训练         ★★★ 【字体:
省略句高考考点及训练
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省略句高考考点及训练

  为了使句子简洁明快,突出重点,英语常使用“省略句”。在使用省略句时只要不影响句意的表达,能省略的成份可以尽可能地省略。现就近几年高考考点总结如下:  

一、   在含有状语从句的复合句中的省略

  在下列含有状语从句的复合句中,若从句的主句是it或与主句的主语相同,且在谓语中含有be时,常省略从句的主语和be:由whenwhileas soon as, oncewhenever引导的时间状语从句;ifunless引导的条件状语从句;thoughalthougheven ifeven though引导的让步状语从句;as thoughas ifas引导的方式状语从句;because引导的原因状语从句;wherever引导的地点状语从句。例如:

  Look out for cars when (you are) crossing the street.

  Drop in on me if (it is) possible.

历年高考题:

1. When_______different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. (2006浙江)

  A. compared   B. being compared  C. comparing   D. having compared

2. When first_______to the market, these products enjoyed great success. (2004全国卷Ⅱ)

  A. introducing   B. introduced  C. introduce   D. being introduced

3. It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when_______at the meeting by my boss. (2004全国卷Ⅳ)

  A. questioning   B. having questioned  C. questioned   D. to be questioned

4. The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if_______whether he was going in the right direction. (2003安徽春)

  A. seeing   B. having seen  C. to have seen   D. to see

5. Generally speaking, _______according to the directions, the drug has no side effect.(2003上海卷)

  A. when taking   B. when taken  C. when to take   D. when to be taken

6. When_______, the museum will be open to the public next year. (2002上海春)

A. completed   B. completing  C. being completed   D. to be completed

7. Though_______money, his parents managed to send him to university. (2002上海)

  A. lacked B. lacking of

  C. lacking D. lacked in

8. The research is so designed that once_______nothing can be done to change it. (2002全国)

  A. begins   B. having begun  C. beginning   D. begun

9. When_______help, one often says Thank you. or Its kind of you. (2005福建)

  A. offering   B. to offer  C. to be offered   D. offered

  Keys 1. Cwhen之后省略了we are2. Bwhen之后省略了they were3. Cwhen之后省略了I was4. Das if之后省略了he was going5. Bwhen之后省略了it is6. Awhen之后省略了it is7. BThough之后省略了they were8. Donce之后省略了it is9. Dwhen之后省略了one is。   

二、    在限制性定语从句中的省略

  在限制性定语从句中作宾语的关系代词thatwhichwhom可以省略;在以the same

  ... assuch ... as引导的定语从句中,可以省略与主句相同的部分;the way后面的定语从句中,可以省略thatin which

历年高考题:

1. You are always working. Come on, lets go shopping.

  —_______you ever want to do is going shopping. (2002北京)

  A. Anything   B. Something  C. All   D. That

2. Is this the reason_______at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? (2002上海)

  A. he explained   B. what he explained  C. how he explained   D. why he explained

3. What surprised me was not what he said but_______he said it. (2004湖北)

  A. the way   B. in the way that  C. in the way   D. the way which

4. It is easy to do the repair. _______you need is a hammer and some nails. (2004天津)

  A. Something   B. All  C. Both   D. Everything

5. Thats an unpleasant thing to say about your father after_____has done for you.(2004全国)

  A. something  B. anything  C. all  D. that

Keys 1. C。句意:你只知道去购物。2. Ahe explained 前省略了that,其中that引导定语从句并作explain的宾语。3. Athe way 前省略了thatin which4. BAllneed的宾语。5. Call后省略了that

三、 省略to与保留to的现象

  (1)在seewatchhearfeelobservenoticelisten to等感官动词或短语及makehavelet等使役动词之后的“宾语+不定式作宾语补足语”结构中,不定式前不能加to。例如:

  I watched him disappear in the distance.

历年高考题:

  In the dream Peter saw himself_______by a fierce wolf, and he woke suddenly with a start. (2006上海春)

  A. chased B. to be chased

  C. be chased D. having been chased

  简析: 答案是Asee sb. done“看到某人被……”,过去分词作宾语的补足语。

  (2)有时为了避免重复,常省略与上文表达相同意思的不定式to之后的内容,而保留to

  不定式在tellaskadvisewishpermitforce等动词后面作宾语补足语或主语补足语时,可以省略,但要保留不定式符号to

  不定式在happygladeagerreadywilling等形容词后面作状语时,可以省略,但要保留不定式符号to。例如:

  —Ill be away on a business trip. Would you mind looking after my cat?

  —Not at all, Id be happy to.

历年高考题:

1. Does your brother intend to study German?

  —Yes, he intends_______. (1998上海)

  A. / B. to C. soD. that

2. Would you like to go to the Grand Theatre with me tonight?

  —_______. (1999上海)

  A. Yes, Id like to go to the Grand Theatre

  B. Id like to, but I have an exam tomorrow

  C. No, I wont

  D. Thats right

3. You should have thanked her before you left.

  —I meant_______, but when I was leaving, I couldnt find her anywhere. (2000北京春招)

  A. to do B. to C. doing D. doing to

  Keys 1. Bintend to后省略了study German 2. BId like to后省略了go to the Grand Theatre 3. Bmeant to后省略了have thanked her before I left。  

四、 替代词so / not的替代现象

  替代词so / not用于避免重复前面所说过的内容。它可与动词believe, do, expect, fear, guess, hope, say, speak, suppose, think等及 Im afraid连用。

  肯定时: 以上动词都可与so搭配;表示否定时: hope只用I hope not.不说I dont hope sothink, believe, suppose等词可有两种否定形式,即:I think not.I dont think so. 例如:

  —Is he going to study abroad?

  —I believe so. (so = he is going to study abroad.)

历年高考题:

1. Much of the power of the trade unions has been lost. _______, their political influence should be very great. (2006广东)

  A. As a result  B. As usual  C. Even so  D. So far

2. You havent lost the ticket, have you?

  —_______. I know its not easy to get another one at the moment. (2004江苏)

  A. I hope not B. Yes, I have

  C. I hope so D. Yes, Im afraid so

3. The boys are not doing a good job at all,are they?

  —_______. (2003北京春季)

  A. I guess not so B. I dont guess

  C. I dont guess so D. I guess not

4. I believe weve met somewhere before.

  —No, _______. (2000北京春季)

  A. it isnt the same B. it cant be true

  C. I dont think so D. Id rather not

  Keys 1. CEven so,即使这样。2. A。根据its not easy to get another one at the moment可知说话者很珍惜。3. CI dont guess so.相当于I dont think so.4. BIt cant be true. 这不可能是真的。   

五、 在if引导的虚拟条件句中

  在if引导的虚拟条件句中含有hadwereshould时,可以把hadwereshould放在句首且省略if。例如:

  Should it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge.

历年高考题:

1. _______fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off. (2006湖北)

  A. Would you be B. Should you be

  C. Could you be D. Might you be

  简析: 答案是B。从句可还原为:If you should be fired,省略了if,故should前置。

2. _______for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often. (1995上海)

  A. If it is not B. Were

  C. Had it not been D. If they were not

简析: 答案是C。从句可还原为:If it had not been,省略了if,故had前置。

【省略句强化训练】

1. I hate talking with that guy. Look, he is coming. What should I do?

  —Dont speak until_______.

  A. speaking B. spoken to

  C. spoken D. speaking to

2. Why do you want the book so much?

  —_______, sir.

  A. Studying B. Studies

  C. Studied D. To study

3. I wonder why you wont do it as_______. Its the third time you have done so.

  A. told to B. be told

  C. told you D. you told

4. The dying old man opened his mouth as if_______something.

  A. to say B. saying

  C. to have said D. was saying

5. This is an illness that can result in total blindness if_______.

  A. to leave untreating B. left untreated

  C. leaving untreating D. is left untreated

6. I didnt do well in the last English test.How about you?

  —_______.

  A. Ill do better next time

  B. I like English, though

  C. A lot better

  D. Even worse

7. You seem to have lost your way. _______?

  —Im looking for Wangfujing Street.

  A. What for  B. Need help  C. Why so  D. Where to

8. Which would you like, chicken or fish?

  —_______

  A. I dont think so. B. What if?

  C. Both. D. Neither can I.

9. You may take them all home_______.

  A. if possible B. if can

  C. unless so D. even if you can

10. Doctors have said that as many as 50% of patients dont take medicine_______.

  A. like directed B. to be directed

  C. as directed D. so that directed

11. The man stopped from time to time_______whether he was being followed.

  A. as if foundB. as to find

  C. as if to findD. when found

12. To tell the truth, I wont go to the party_______.

  A. so as to invite B. even if invited

  C. if inviting D. if invite

13. Water, _______enough, can change into vapour quickly.

  A. when heated

  B. heating

  C. though to be heated

  D. when is heated

答案与解析:

  1. B。状语从句的省略形式,其完整句子是Dont speak until you are spoken to.

  2. D。省略主句保留关键词,其完整句子是:I want the book very much in order to study.

  3. A。状语从句的省略形式,其完整形式为as you are told to.

  4. A。状语从句的省略形式,其完整形式为:as if he wanted to say ...

  5. B。状语从句的省略形式,其完整形式是: ... if it is left untreated.

  6. D。状语从句的省略形式,其完整句为:I did even worse in the test.

  7. B。语境省略。Need help? = Do you need help?

  8. C。由题意知C项可以恢复为:Id like them both / both of them

  9. A。状语从句的省略,由题意知其完整形式为if it is possible.

  10. C。根据题意可知,其对应完整句子应为:as they are directed

  11. C。该题对应的完整形式是:as if he wanted to find ...

  12. B。该题是状语从句的省略形式,其完整句是 ... even if I am invited

  13. A。该题是被动语态的状语从句的省略形式,其完整形式是when it is heated enough

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