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如：leaf—leave; medium—media; advise—advice, practise—practice; succeed—success;
broadcast（broadcast, broadcast）广播 equip（equipped, equipping）装备
注意：quarrel, signal, travel中的l可双写（英国英语）也可不双写（美国英语）
possible—possibly 可能的, practical—practically 实际的
1. twenty—twentieth, 2. ninth第九 3. forty四十 4. twelfth第十二
Call on号召，拜访（后接sb）/call in召集/ call at拜访某地; in good health; focus on关注/ concentrate on 集中注意力
Cloth布料/clothes衣服/clothing衣服总称, celebrate庆祝/ congratulate祝贺, hungry饿/starve饥饿, disturb打搅/bother打扰
quality质量/ quantity数量, similar相似的/familiar熟悉的,
1. They got lost in the desert and _________（挨饿）to death.
解析：并列连词and 连接二谓语动词，前后一致，前面是动词got,则后面也应是动词的过去时,故只能填starved, 而不会是形容词hungry.
2. Please give my ______（祝贺）when you see her.
3. They’re going to ___（庆祝）their victory with music and dancing.
4. The book gives a short _____（描述）of the city.
1. 名词：名词的单复数的确定主要根据：（1）. 并列连词 and, but以及or前后的名词或代词的单复数，前后往往是一致的；（2）. 根据主谓一致的原则，关键看谓语动词或系动词的数。
1. On the morning of April 29, 2008, from 10:00 to 11:00, hundreds of millions of students from primary, middle schools and universities all over China joined in a national student sports program.
2. We aim at quality rather than quantity.
3. Eric came running into the room, out of breath.
4. Nowadays most people use paper handkerchiefs（手帕）.
5．Spring has come, and the trees are thick with green leaves（叶子）.
1. The patient kept coughing all night.
2. Do you think swimming（游泳）is allowed in the canal .
3. I recognized Mike the moment I saw him .
4. Winning（赢得）the support of the majority requires time, energy and devotion.
5. They finished measuring（测量）that piece of land last week.
6. The boy spoke in a very low voice admitting（承认）he had broken the glass.
3. 形容词:特别注意名词转化形容: Asia— Asian, Australia—Australian, Europe—European（地名等专有名词第一字母必须大写）。
1. Rice is grown in China, Japan and other Asian countries.
2. The story is written by an Australian（澳大利亚）engineer.
3. This plant is found in the southern（南部）parts of the country
4. She looks familiar to me, but I don't remember her names.
5. My train was 20 minutes late in the morning and there was a similar（相似的）delay in the evening.
1. Don’t be frightened by the television camera. Just speak naturally（自然地）.
2. Generally speaking, parents care more about their children's health than about their own.
3. The telephone rang and he answered it immediately.
4．Attention please ,the game will begin immediately（立刻）.
5．There are only five minutes left. We’ll have to walk quickly to get there on time.
5. 数词和月份，星期 数词：主要考序数词。
1. The twelfth（第十二）man in a football team will play if one of the other players is ill.
2. Their office is on the ninth（第九）floor.
3. I’ll go and see you next Saturday（星期六）.
4. January（一月）is the first month of the year.
如： eighth第八 ninth第九 forty四十 twelfth第十二
一个星期七天： Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
一年十二个月: January February March April May June
July August September October November December
1. Could you help Li and tell him how to get rid of this bad habit and return to normal life again？
2. He was proud of the Olympic Gold Medal he won for his country.
3. Not paying attention to the road can be dangerous, even deadly.
4. It is important for drivers to focus（关注）on what is going on around them.
1. I think it/it’s a good idea for us Senior Ⅲ students to have daily sports.
2. We spend an hour a day on exercise, which is well worth doing.
3. His wife is worried and afraid that drinking will destroy their happy life as well as Li Hua himself.
Fang Tong is 34 years old, an actor, director and teacher of
Beijing Opera Theatre. Most of his students are _____other parts of 1. ______
China and have come to Beijing at the very young ____ of sixteen 2. ______
or seventeen. He hopes to _____（创造）an environment for his students 3. ______
that is much more relaxing _____ the one he used to 4. ______
study in. He thinks that an _____（演员）should relax himself when 5. ______
performing. Yet his students deeply ______（尊重）him and he 6. ______
never needs to raise his voice in order to be h______. 7. ______
In his o_____, actors should go on even when they 8. ______
feel they have made a m_______ in their performances 9. ______
because the moment is a______ gone and people can never 10. _____
be back to it. . . So art is always changing and developing.
I was recently told that listening to loud music is gradually
making people hard of hearing. I'm sure it has already h_____ 1. ______
to my neighbor. For years she has turned a ______（聋）ear to 2. ______
my requests to turn her radio_______. When she gives 3. ______
a party she won't have to i_____ the rest of the street. 4. ______
Everyone can d______ to her music in his own room. 5. ______
Now a _____（科学家）has discovered a certain electronic sounds 6. ______
have strange e______ on rats. He declares they break down, 7. ______
almost paralyzed（瘫痪）w_____ their legs trembling. 8. ______
Then it is simply a matter of _____（扔）them out by 9. ______
their tails. I wonder _____the same thing will fall on 10. _____
my neighbor someday.
Like most of my schoolmates, I have neither brothers nor
sisters---in other_____, I am an only child. My parents 1. _____
love me dearly of course and will do all they ____ to make sure 2. _____
that I get a good______（教育）. They do not want me to do 3. _____
any work at home; they want me to d_____ all my time to 4. _____
my studies so that I'll get good marks in all my ______（科目）. We 5. _____
may be one family and live______ the same roof, but we do 6. _____
not seem to get much time to talk_____（一起）. It looks 7. _____
as if my parents t______ me as a visitor or a guest. 8. _____
Do they really u________ their own daughter 9. _____
What things are in other families, I w_______. 10. _____
Fishing is my favourite sport.
I often fish for hours without c_______ anything. 1. _______
B____ this does not worry me. Some fishermen 2 . _______
are unlucky. I_______ of catching fish, they catch 3. _______
old boots and___（垃圾）. I am even less lucky. 4. _______
I ______catch anything -- not even old boots. 5. _______
After having s______ whole mornings on the river, 6. _______
I always go home with an ___（空的）bag. 'You must give up fishing!' 7. _______
my friends say. 'It's a w______ of time. ' But they don't realize 8. _______
one important thing. I'm not really interested ______fishing. 9. _______
I just enjoy ___（坐）in a boat and doing nothing at all! 10. _______
I arrived in London at last. The railway station was big, black and dark.
I did not know the way to my ____（旅馆）, so I asked a porter. 1. _______
I not only spoke English very carefully, but very clearly as ______. 2. _______
The porter, however, could not understand me. I _____（重复）my question 3. _______
several t_____ and at last he understood. he answered me, but he spoke 4. _______
neither slowly ____ clearly. 'I am a foreigner,' I said. Then he spoke slowly, 5. _______
but I could not understand him. My teacher never spoke English ____（像）that! 6. _______
The porter and I looked at each other and smiled. Then he said s________ 7. _______
and I understood it. 'You'll soon learn English!' he said. I _____（想知道）. 8. _______
In England, each person speaks a d_____ language. The English understand 9. ______
each other, ______ I don't understand them! Do they speak English? 10. ______
I am an art student and I paint a lot of pictures.
Many people ____（假装）that they understand modern art. They always 1. _______
tell you what a picture is 'about'. Of c____, many pictures are not 'about' anything.2. _______
They are just pretty patterns. We like them in the s______ way 3. _______
that we like pretty curtain ______（材料）. I think that young children 4. _______
often appreciate modern pictures _______ than anyone else. 5. _______
They notice more. My sister is o____ seven, but she always tells me 6. _______
______ my pictures are good or not. She came into my room yesterday. 7. ______
'What are you doing?' she asked.
'I'm _____（挂）this picture on the wall,' I answered. 'It's a new one. Do you like it?' 8. ______
She looked at it critically for a moment. 'It's all right,' she said, 'but isn't it upside ____?'9. __
I looked at it again. She was r______! It was! 10. ___
Late in the afternoon, the boys put up their tent in the middle of a field.
As _____ as this was done, they cooked a meal over an open fire. 1. _______
They were all hungry and the food s_____ good. After a wonderful meal, 2. _______
they told s_____ and sang songs by the campfire. But some time later 3. _______
it began to rain. The boys felt so tired ___ they put out the fire and crept into their tent4. ____
Their sleeping bags were ____（暖和）and comfortable, so they all slept soundly. 5. _______
In the middle of the night, two boys woke up and began______（喊）. 6. _______
The tent was ______ of water! They all leapt out of their sleeping bags 7. _______
and hurried outside. It was raining h____ and they found that 8. _______
a stream had formed in the _____（田野）. The stream wound its way across the field 9. _____
and then flowed right u______ their tent! 10. ______
The Wayle is a small river that cuts across the park near my home.
I like sitting by the Wayle on fine afternoons. It was warm last _____（星期四）, 1. _______
so I went and sat on the river bank as u_____. Some children were playing games 2. _______
on the bank and______ were some people rowing on the river. 3. _______
Suddenly, one of the children______（踢）a ball very hard and 4. _______
it went towards a ______（路过的）boat. Some people on the bank 5. _______
called out to the man in the boat, but he did not h_____ them. 6. _______
The ball struck him_______ hard that he nearly fell into the water. 7. _______
I turned to look at the children, but there weren't any in s______: 8. _______
they had all r____ away! The man laughed when he realized what had happened. 9. _______
He called out to the children and threw the ball _____ to the bank. 10. _______
Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what had happened to her.
One afternoon she set out f______ the coast in a small boat 1. _______
and was ______ in a storm. Towards evening, the boat struck a rock 2. _______
and the girl jumped into the sea. Then she _______（游泳）to the shore 3. _______
after s_______ the whole night in the water. During that time 4. _______
she covered a ______ of eight miles. Early next morning, 5. _______
she saw a light a_______. She knew she was near the shore 6. _______
b_______ the light was high up on the cliffs. On arriving at the shore, 7. _______
the girl _______（挣扎）up the cliff towards the light she had seen. 8. _______
That was a____ she remembered. When she woke up a day later, 9. _______
she found ________ in hospital. 10. _______
Roy Trenton used to drive a taxi. A short while ago, however, he became a bus driver
and he has not_______（后悔）it. He is finding his new work far more exciting. 1. _______
When he was driving along Catford Street _______（最近）, 2. _______
he saw two _______ rush out of a shop and run towards a waiting car. 3. _______
One of them was carrying a b_______ full of money. 4. _______
Roy acted quickly and drove the bus _______（直接地）at the them. 5. _______
The one with the money got _______ a fright that he dropped the bag. 6. _______
As they were trying to get away_______ their car, Roy drove his bus into the back of it. 7. _
The battered car was about to move away w_____Roy stopped his bus 8. _______
and telephoned the police. Their car was badly damaged and easy to _______（认出）. 9. ____
Shortly afterwards, the police stopped the car and b_______ men were arrested. 10. _______
The whole village soon learnt that a large sum of money had been lost.
Sam Benton, the _______（当地的）butcher, had lost his wallet 1. _______
while t_______ his savings to the post office. Sam was sure 2. _______
that the wallet must have been found by one of the v_______, 3. _______
but it was not returned to him. Three months p_______, and then one morning, 4. _______
Sam found his wallet outside his front door. It had been _______（包裹）up in newspaper 5. _
and it contained half the money he had lost, together with only an note _______ said: 6. ___
'A thief, yes, but only 50 per cent a thief!' Two months l_______, 7. _______
some more money was sent to Sam with a_______ note: 8. _______
'Only 25 per cent a thief now!' In time, all Sam's money was paid back ____ this way9. ____
The last note said: 'I am 100 per cent _______（诚实）now!' 10. _______
My friend, Hugh, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet.
He began his diet a week ago. ______ of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods 1. _____
which were forbidden. The list i______ most of the things Hugh loves: 2. ______
butter, ______（马铃薯）, rice, beer, milk, chocolate; and sweets. 3. ______
Yesterday I paid him a ______. I rang the bell and was not surprised to see 4. ______
that Hugh was still ______ fat as ever. He led me into his room 5. ______
and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was ______（明显的） 6. ______
that he was very embarrassed. W______ I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily 7.
and then put the parcel on the desk. He e______ that his diet was so strict 8. ______
that he had to reward ______ occasionally. Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. 9.
It ______（包含）five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets! 10. ______
The memory of our schoolhood is so sweet. It is
five years now since I g_______ from No. 3 High 1. ______________
School. Last Saturday, the class that I was in _____（举行） 2. ______________
a get-together, which______（花费）us a long time to prepare. It 3. ______________
was indeed not easy to get in _______ with everybody and 4. ______________
set a good time ______ all of us. We all enjoyed this 5. ______________
precious day greatly, ________（回想起）the time we spent 6. ______________
together and the people we were f_________ with. It was 7. ______________
a pity _______ some of us were not present as they had gone 8. ______________
a_______ for further studies, but they called back or 9. ______________
sent greeting________（卡片）from different places. 10. _____________
I hope all of our classmates can really get together next time.
How’s everything? We haven’t seen each other for long
s_____ we last met. I am very excited to have got an e-mail from 1. ________
you. I'm glad you have made such great______（进步） 2. ________
that you can write your e-mail in good C_______. I read 3. ________
your e-mail to my parents and _____（给…看）them the photo you 4. ________
sent to me. How time_____! Our friendship has lasted 5. ________
for several months. We have got to know a_____ learned a 6. ________
lot ______ each other. Yes, it is clear that your life in 7. ________
your country is quite______（不同的）from mine. Thanks again 8. ________
for writing to me. I'm looking forward to h_______ from you 9. ________
soon and hope that you will come to China in the near____（将来）. 10. ________
Many children hope to grow up quickly and do what the adults
do. But g______ up is not easy. Sometimes all that is 1. ______
needed is someone to rely ____. For many years, it was Mum 2. ______
My mother was a career woman and had her____（自己的） 3. ______
problems to take care of, _____when I needed her, she 4. _____
was always there. Her____（力量）came frond somewhere 5. ______
I don't quite know, somewhere very deep. She
was so strong that she would never b____ down, even if I 6. ______
went to her with all my little-boy problems and____（喊） 7. _____
at her. Her strength m____ me stronger and gave me 8. ______
____（勇气）to try things others thought were impossible. A 9. ____
helping hand is always strong e_______ to lift you up. 10. _____
I had an _____（有趣的）dream last night. I dreamed 1. _______
that I took _____ in a race. At first, I could not run very 2. ________
fast and fell b_____. But I didn’t lose heart and kept 3. _________
running. All the students on the ___（操场上）cheer me on, 4. _______
“Come on!” I was so encouraged ___ I ran faster and faster 5. _______
till I caught up ___ all the other runners. I felt as if flying like 6. ______
a superman. ___ the end, I got to the finishing line first. 7. _________
I won the race. I felt very p___ of myself. Many of my 8. _______
_____（同学们）threw me up into the air. Just at that time 9. ________
I w___ up and found myself still in bed! 10. ________
Last weekend we went mountain climbing. Even the
Heavy rain in the morning could not ____（ 阻止）us going. Setting 1. ______
Off vey early, we went a______ an extremely narrow road, all 2. _______
In high spirits. On each ___ of the road were green fields 3. _______
and some farm houses. We could h_____ the sound of the 4. ________
rain and our footsteps ____（混合）with our laughter. At noon 5. ________
we ____（到达）the top of the mountain. What surprised us 6. ________
most there was the beauty of the scenes. _____ having a short 7. ________
rest there and ___（分享）food we brought, we 8. ________
started going down. It rained even h___. We were 9. ________
wet to the skin, ___ we still sang and laughed happily. 10. _______
There are many things happening in our family which worth recalling.
W____ our six children were young, suppertime was always 1. _______
being interrupted by neighborhood children r_____ the bell. 2. _______
They wanted one child or another to come out and ___（玩）. 3. _______
Finally we had_____ good idea. We hung a sign on the front 4. _______
door that _____（写着）, “we’re having dinner. Come back 5. _______
later. ” That night, we sat down to what we _____（认为）would 6. _______
be a pleasant, uninterrupted meal. ____ as soon as we 7. _______
began dinner, the doorbell rang. At the front door___（站着）a 8. _______
five-year-old boy from across the street. He looked ____ 9. _______
at us and said, “I just want to know w___ the sign says. ” 10. _______
（1）1. from 2. age 3. create 4. than 5. actor 6 . respect 7. heard
8. opinion 9. mistake 10. already
（2）1. happened 2. deaf 3. down 4. invite 5. dance 6. scientist 7. effects
8. with 9. throwing 10. if/whether
（3）1. words 2. can 3. education 4. devote 5. subjects 6. under 7. together
8. treat 9. understand 10. wonder.
（4）1. catching 2. But 3. Instead 4. rubbish 5. never 6. spent 7. empty
8. waster 9. in 10. sitting
（5）1. hotel 2. well 3. repeated 4. times 5. nor 6. like 7. something
8. wonder 9. different 10. but
（6）1. pretended 2. course 3. same 4. material 5. better 6. only
7. wheather 8. hanging 9. down 10. right
（7）1. soon 2. smelt 3. stories 4. that 5. warm 6. shouting 7. full
8. heavily 9. field 10. under
（8）1. Thursday 2. usual 3. there 4. kicked 5. passing 6. hear 7. so
8. sight 9. run 10. back
（9）1. from 2. caught 3. swam 4. spending 5. distance 6. ahead 7. because
8. struggled 9. all 10. herself
（10）1. regretted 2. recently 3. thieves 4. bag 5. straight 6. such 7. in
8. when 9. recognize 10. both
（11）1. local 2. taking 3. villagers 4. passed 5. wrapped 6. that 7. later
8. another 9. in 10. honest
（12）1. First 2. included 3. potatoes 4. visit 5. as 6. obvious 7. When
8. explained 9. himself 10. contained
（13）1. graduated 2. held 3. took 4. touch 5. for 6. remembering
7. familiar 8. that 9. abroad 10. cards
（14）1. since 2. progress 3. Chinese 4. showed 5. flies 6. and 7. from
8. different 9. hearing 10. future
（15）1. growing 2. on 3. own 4. but 5. strength 6. break 7. shouted
8. made 9. courage 10. enough
（16）1. interesting 2. part 3. behind 4. playground 5. that 6. with 7. In
8. proud 9. classmates 10. woke
（17）1. prevent 2. along 3. side 4. hear 5. mixed 6. reached 7. After
8. sharing 9. harder 10. but
（18）1. When 2. ringing 3. play 4. a 5. said 6. thought 7. But 8. stood
9. up 10. what
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