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  最新高考复习英语疑难解析         ★★★ 【字体:
最新高考复习英语疑难解析
作者:...    文章来源:...    点击数:2030    更新时间:2010-09-20    

最新高考复习英语疑难解析

1.Mary couldnt make herself _______ attention to because her classmates made so much noise.

  A. paid         B. to pay          C. pay         D. paying

答案解析:此题容易误选C, 其实此题应选A  pay attention to 是动词短语,起及物动词的作用,在句中作宾语补足语,与宾语herself构成被动关系。

2.Was it through Mary , ____ was working at a high school , _____ you get to know Tom ?

  A. who, who   B. that, which  C. who, that  D. who, which

答案解析: 此题应选C, 但是许多学生刚好首先排除了C项,他们认为:1)非限制性定语从句不用关系代词that引导;2) 强调句型It be + 被强调部分 + that (who)…中,who (that)前不能有逗号。 上述两点是对的,在此句中Was itthat…也的确是强调句型,但句中的两个逗号不在强调句型中,它的作用是把非限制性定语从句who was working at a high school与句子其它部分分隔开来。整句话的汉语意思是:玛丽在一所中学工作,你是不是通过她认识汤姆的?

3.Every minute is made full use of _______ our lessons.

  A. studying     B. to study      C. study       D. being studied

答案解析:此题容易误选A,认为动名词作介词的宾语。其实此题应选B,此句是被动句,转换成主动句就成为 we make full use of every minute to study our lessons.。是不定式作目的状语。

4.I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with _____.

  A. everything    B. anything  C. something    D. nothing

 答案解析: 此题容易误选B,生搬硬套不定代词用法规则:something用于肯定句,anything用于否定句或疑问句。其实此题应选A,注意前文的I agree with most of what you said(我同意你说的大部分内容),其后的noteverything构成部分否定,意为“不是所有的都同意”,前后两部分用转折连词but连接,语气通顺、连贯。 

5. Would you like _______ , sir?     No, thanks. I have had much. 

  Asome more oranges   Bany more oranges  Csome more orange  Dany more orange

答案解析:选C。当用委婉的语气希望得到对方肯定回答的时候,疑问句中的some不能变成any。从答语中的much可判断出前面的名词应该是不可数的。此句话的汉语意思是:-先生,还要点橙汁吗?-不了,谢谢,我已喝了很多了。

6.He suggested the person referred _______ put into prison.

   A. is              B. be           C. to be           D. should be

答案解析:此题应选C. referred to 过去分词作定语,be put into prison是宾语从句的谓语部分。学生由于粗心,容易误选B或者D

7.Well. I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast.    _____________.

   ASo it is       BSo is it        CSo does it     DSo it does

答案解析:此题容易误选B, 平时同学们经常练习和so有关的倒装句:so放在句首,表示前面的肯定内容也适用于另一个人或物。其结构为:so +助动词+主语。因此在未完全理解题意时,就主观地选择了B。其实最佳答案为A。本题考查\"so+主语+助动词\"结构,用来表示赞成前一说话者所说的内容,可译为\"是的\"\"\"\"确实如此\"。此句话的汉语意思是:-哎, 我真地认为这兔子是一只漂亮温顺的动物,跑得很快。-确实如此。

8.Is there _____ here?” “No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.

A. anybody    B. everybody  C. somebody    D. nobody

答案解析:此题容易误选A,认为这是一般疑问句,要用anybody。其实此题应选B,主要与上下文的语境有关。全文语境为:“大家都到齐了吗?”“没有,BobTim两人请假了。”

9.I think the teacher is wrong, _____?” “No, I don't think so.

 A. don't you    B. don't I  C. doesn't he    D. doesn't she

答案解析:此题容易误选CD,因为按照语法规则,I think后接宾语从句时,其反意疑问句与从句保持一致,但是退一步,即使按此规则,其反意疑问句也应是isn't heisn't she之类的,而不是像CD那样用doesn't hedoesn't she。综合四个选项,最佳答案为Adon't youdon't you think so之省略。

10.Don't you know _____, my dear friend, it is you that she loves?

 A. who            B. which          C. that             D. what

答案解析:此题容易误选AB,选A者认为这是指人的,故用who;选B者认为这是非限制性定语从句,两者都是误认为这是定语从句(注意没有先行词),其实此题应选Cthat引导的是一个宾语从句(用做动词know的宾语),它只是被句中的插入语my dear friend隔开罢了。其实此句也可说成:My dear friend, don't you know that it is you that she loves?

11. He transplanted the little tree to the garden _____ it was the best time for it.

    A. where           B. when          C. that             D. until

答案解析:此题容易误选C, the garden看成是先行词,以为是where引导的表地点的定语从句。其实此题应选B。这是when引导时间状语从句。此句话的汉语意思是:他把小树在最合适的时候移植到花园。

12.If the weather is fine, we'll go. If _____, _____.

 A. not, not         B. no, no     C. not, no        D. no, not

答案解析:此题应选AIf not, not.If the weather is NOT fine, we will NOT go.之省略,全句意为“如果天气好,我们就去;如果天气不好,我们就不去”。该句的特点是:后句与前句的用词和句式完全相同,只是前句为肯定,后句为否定,为了简洁起见,于是将后句与前句相同部分省略,只保留否定词not

13.--- Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day ?

  --- ____ enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up.

A. Get    B. Getting        C. To get   D. To be getting

答案解析: 此处回答why, 因而答案选C. 作目的状语。

14.She's too thin. She ____ gain some weight but she _____ too little.

A. would, ate     B. will, eats C. would, eats      D. will, ate

答案解析:此题有些难度,许多同学不知如何分析。我们先根据题目所提供的选项将句意大致概括出来:她太瘦了。她会增加体重的,但她吃得太少了。根据句首She's too thin这一所给信息可知,“她瘦”应是客观事实。按照一般的常识,“吃得少”就会导致“瘦”,“吃得多”就会导致“胖”,根据句首的信息,“她瘦”是客观事实,所以她“吃得少”也应是事实,因此第二空应填eats(即用一般现在时表示现在的事实)。根据上面的分析:“她瘦”和“她吃得少”均为现在的事实,那么“她体重会增加”就应是假设(注意句中的转折连词but),所以第一空应填would,其实,此句可理解为其后省略了一个条件状语if she ate more (如果她多吃一点的话)。此题最佳答案选C

15. What should I do with this passage?    _____ the main idea of each paragraph.

 A. Finding out    B. Found out     C. Find out    D. To find out

答案解析:此题极易误选A。认为是动名词短语作do的宾语。其实我们把该答案代入原文,便发现不行。因为do finding out…是绝对不能搭配的。其实此题应选C。考查祈使句。此句话的汉语意思是:-我应该怎么处理这段文章?-归纳出每段的中心思想。

16.She can't help _____ the house because she's busy making a cake.

A. to clean    B. cleaning       C. cleaned        D. being cleaned

答案解析:此题容易误选B,简单地套用can't help doing sth这一结构。其实此题应选A,注意以下两个结构均可用,但是含义不同:can't help doing sth =禁不住做某事,情不自禁地做某事;can't help to do sth =不能帮助做某事。前者为引申用法,一般辞书均将其作为固定搭配列出来,许多老师对此也比较强调,从而就使同学们形成了思维定势;而后者为help表示“帮助”时的本义用法,因同学们平时对此不大注意,一看到上面的试题马上就联想到can't help doing sth这一结构,从而误选了B

17. The prize of the game show is 30,000 and an all expenses __________ vacation to China.

 A. paying    B. paid     C. to be paid  D. being paid

答案解析:选B。此句话的汉语意思是:“联众秀”的奖金是3万美元和一次一切费用全免的中国之旅。paidexpenses之间存在着逻辑上的动宾关系,过去分词作定语修饰expenses。整个all expenses paid又作定语修饰vacation。 多数考生没把all expenses paid看成一个整体,而认为all expensespay 存在着逻辑上的主谓关系;pay vacation存在着逻辑上的动宾关系;而误选答案A

18.I'm examining the composition he has just finished ____ the possible mistakes in it.

A. correcting   B. to correct   C. corrected   D. correct

答案解析:此题容易误选A,因为习惯思维finish 后接doing. 但从句he has just finished为定语从句。答案选B,动词不定式作目的状语。

19.He ________ more than 5,000 English words when he entered the university at the age of 15.

A. has learned     B. would have learned    C. learned       D. had learned

答案解析:此题容易误选C, 学生见到过去时间点,就会依据平时的经验选择一般过去时。其实此题应选D。掌握了5000多个单词并非在15岁上大学时发生,而是早在之前就完成了,过去的过去,所以要用过去完成时。此句话的汉语意思是:在他15岁上大学时,就已经掌握了5000多个单词了。

20.The judge paid no attention to _____ he had just lost his wife.

A. that           B. which        C. what       D. the fact that

答案解析:此题容易误选AB:选A,认为to后应接一个that引导的宾语从句;选B,认为其后是一个定语从句,介词后应用关系代词which。其实此题应选D。注意不能选A的原因是,在通常情况下,介词后不能直接跟that从句(极个别介词如except, but等除外),遇此情况,应在that从句前加上 the fact(此时the fact用做介词宾语,其后that从句用做the fact的同位语)。

21. ____ a broken chair , the room is empty

A. Except   B. Except for   C. Except that  D. Besides

答案解析:except所指项目,必须在主句内有所交代,except for 用来表示从某一细节方面来修正前面概括性说法,其后的宾语一般与句子所涉及的东西不同类。因此a broken chair the room 不是同类,答案为B

22. What should I do with this passage?      _____ the main idea of each paragraph.

A. Finding out    B. Found out    C. Find out      D. To find out

答案解析:此题极易误选A。认为是动名词短语作do的宾语。其实我们把该答案代入原文,便发现不行。因为do finding out…是绝对不能搭配的。其实此题应选C。考查祈使句。此句话的汉语意思是:-我应该怎么处理这段文章?-归纳出每段的中心思想。

23.The wonderful time they had been looking forward ____ at last.

A. to arrive  B. to arrived  C. to arriving  D. should arrive

答案解析:此题迷惑选项为C,因受look forward to doing的影响,但此题主语为the wonderful time,后面they have been looking forward to 为定语从句,分析句子结构,找出句子的主干The wonderful time arrived at last.不难发现正确答案应为B.

24. --- What do you think made Mary so upset ?   --- ____ her new bicycle.

A. As she lost  B. Lost  C. Losing  D. Because of losing.

答案解析:此题迷惑项为D,这是犯了Chinglish之错,问句中的 what只能用动名词短语Losing her new bicycle来代替。答案B为过去分词不作主语,答案A不构成主语从句。若将答语补充完整,全句为Losing her new bicycle made Mary so upset.因此缺少主语,正确答案为C.

25.He wrote a lot of novels, none of _____ translated into a foreign language.

A. them           B. which     C . it       D. what

答案解析:同学们容易误选B,理由是none前没有并列连词 and but,但B项是一个陷阱。此题的最佳答案应是A,注意此句不是并列句也不是含有非限制性定语从句的复合句。逗号后面其实是一个独立结构。translated 不是谓语,而是一个非谓语动词(过去分词),约偃粼?translated 前加一个助动词 was,则此题应选(which),构成一个非限制性定语从句。所以做这类题要特别小心,千万不要想当然,更不要受思维定势的影响。

26.Mr. Smith is a painter, _____ I should also like to be.

 A. that       B. which       C. who            D. it

答案解析:此题很容易误选C,因为许多同学认为指人时总是用who,不能用which,选项A(that)虽然也能指人,但这是非限制性定语从句,也不能用。其实此题应选B(which),因为这里的which其实指的不是具体的某个人,而是指一个人的特征或属性,此时不能用who

27. As soon as he comes back, Ill tell him when _______ and see him.

A. you will come    B. will you come     C. you come       D. do you come

答案解析:选A。此句话的汉语意思是:他一回来,我就会告诉他你什么时候会来看他。when引导的是一个宾语从句,不是状语从句。根据题意要用一般将来时。粗心考生会把when引导的句子误认为是状语从句,从而得出错误的结论:主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时表将来而误选C

28.I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with ____.

A. everything  B. anything   C. something   D. nothing

答案解析:受否定句影响,迷惑选项为B.此题语境性极强,第一句中"most of what you said"为关键点,"你说的大部分我都同意,但并不是所有的我都同意"。因此,考查的是部分否定,答案为A

29.After ____ seemed like hours he came out with a bitter smile.

A. which           B. it                 C. what             D. that

答案解析: 此题应选C,其余三项都很容易误选。误选A,认为介词后应接关系代词which(但是,若填关系代词,其前没有先行词);BD也不能选择,因为介词后可接what引导的宾语从句,但通常不能跟that引导的宾语从句或没有引导词的从句。另一方面,引导名词性从句的that也不能充当句子成分(句中的seemed缺主语)。选Cwhat引导的是宾语从句,用做介词after的宾语,其中的what可理解为some time that

30.He was so angry at all _____ she was doing _____ he walked out.

A. what, that   B. that, that  C. that, which  D. what, as

答案解析:此题关键短语be angry at sth.因此all后的she was doing为定语从句,修饰all.第二个空考查so...that...句型, 答案应为B

31. --- When shall we meet again ? --- Make it ____ day you like; it's all the same to me .

 A. one     B. any     C. another    D. some

答案解析::...you like...it's all the same to me 表明说话人不在意哪一天,因此some day是错误的;another day需要前提:已谈论的时间不合适,应另选时间,但对话无此意。One day并不指"任意选择的一天",而any day则有此意,故正确答案为B.

32. Did Jack come back early last night?

Yes. It was not yet eight oclock _______  he arrived home.

   Abefore         BWhen         Cthat        Duntil

答案解析:此题容易误选, 学生误认为此题在考查: (1) itbefore…句型;(2) 强调句;  (3) notuntil…句型。其实此题应选Beight oclock是时间点,这是when引导的时间状语从句。此句话的汉语意思是:-杰克昨晚回来得很早吗?-是啊,他到家的时候还不到8

33.--- Alice , you feed the bird today , ______?  --- But I fed it yesterday .

 A. do you   B. will you   C. didn't    D. don't you

答案解析:此题易受you feed the bird today 中的you的影响,认为不是祈使句。但祈使句并非都无主语,为了加强语气,指明向谁提出请求或命令,引起听话者的注意时,可说出主语。所以正确答案是B而不是D.

34.She is quite a different girl _____ she was five years ago.

 A. from              B. to           C. than               D. with

 答案解析: 按照英语的表达习惯,要表示甲与乙不同,通常用be different from,如:Mary is different from Jane.玛丽与简不同。其中的介词from在英国英语中也可换成to,在美国英语中也可换成than,但两者均不如用from普遍。许多同学据此将上题的最佳答案确定为A,但错了,最佳答案应是C。一般说来,若两个比较的对象是名词、代词或状语短语等,则用different fromto, than]。但是若提出来供比较的对象是一个没有引导词的句子,则通常只用different than

35.Few pleasures can equal ______ of a cool drink on a hot day.

 A. some     B. any     C. that     D. those

答案解析::一看到few pleasures,容易错选D.但后面所设条件为a cool drink,因而正确答案应为C.

36.Use an umbrella to _____ you from the rain.

  A. stop          B. prevent         C. keep             D. protect

答案解析:许多同学一看到题干中的from,再联系到选项中的prevent,便马上想起了prevent ... from ...这个常用搭配,于是选择了B答案。这样分析的同学,没有完全弄清prevent ... from ...的用法特点。在prevent A from B这一句式中,AB通常具有主谓关系,如在The rain prevented us from going out (下雨使我们不能出去)中,“我们”与“出去”就具有主谓关系。而上面一题不具备此特点,此题正确答案应是Dprotect ... from ...意为“保护……免受……”。

37.Who did the teacher have ___ an article for the wall newspaper just now?

  A. written    B. writing   C. write    D. to write

答案解析:此题易误选A,受have的影响。其实此处所用句型为have sb.do sth不妨把who换为tom,利用还原句子结构的方法变为肯定句:The teacher had Tom write an article for the wall newspaper just now.因此,答案应选C

38. He transplanted the little tree to the garden _____ it was the best time for it.

  A. where           B. when           C. that             D. until

答案解析:此题容易把the garden看成是先行词,以为是where引导的表地点的定语从句而误选C。其实此题应选B。这是when引导时间状语从句。此句话的汉语意思是:他把小树在最合适的时候移植到花园。

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